Which industries and companies do C9 graduates prefer?
Recently, Tsinghua University released a report on the employment quality of its graduates in 2021, and the statement that “nearly 70 percent of them will be enrolled in the system” has spread like news. There are endless discussions about “system fever” online.In fact, not only into the “system” attention, the overall employment situation of college graduates, salaries, etc., are the general concern of the whole society.In recent years, the number of college graduates in China continues to grow, with 9.09 million graduates in 2021 and 10.76 million expected to graduate in 2022, another record high.At present, the employment situation of college graduates is complicated and severe. Under such circumstances, the destination of C9 college graduates led by North Qingqing University is the focus of most people’s attention.C9 graduates more love to enterprises, in fact, the “system” as the number of graduates of far less than the enterprise, the employment of graduates in universities in 2021 released by the quality of graduate employment report, enterprises accounted for more than 50%, the employment of graduates of Shanghai jiaotong university graduates in the employment of the main unit enterprises accounted for the highest, 73.58%.According to the employment quality report of Tsinghua University in 2021, the companies that receive the most Graduates of Tsinghua University in 2021 are mainly distributed in the following fields: information communication and Internet, such as Huawei, Tencent and Meituan;Universities and research institutes, such as Tsinghua University, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Peking University, etc.Equipment manufacturing and energy industry, such as China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, State Grid corporation of China, China North Industries Corporation, China National Nuclear Corporation, etc.Financial sector, such as China International Capital Corporation, Citic Group, China Development Bank, etc.;Public management and service fields, such as selected students from Zhejiang Province, Sichuan Province, Shandong Province, Chongqing Municipality, etc.Among the 2021 graduates of Nanjing University, 998 have been employed by fortune 500 companies, 1,241 by Fortune 500 companies in China, and 452 by Fortune 500 private companies.In terms of the number of employees, huawei (184), Bytedance (135) and Alibaba (117) are the top three employers in Nanjing University.56.29% of the graduates of XI ‘an Jiaotong University in 2021 work in key national industries and institutions, among which 21.76% work in key state-owned enterprises directly under the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission and important scientific research institutions.The number of people working in fortune 500 enterprises (Fortune 2021) accounts for 30.31%.A total of 191 graduates were employed as civil servants in five ministries and commissions, including the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission and the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, and 28 provinces, municipalities and districts, including Shaanxi and Jiangsu.A total of 342 graduates from the class of 2021 will work in national defense science and technology units and military units to serve national strategic needs. The top three employers are China Shipbuilding Corporation (80), China Electronics Technology Corporation (51) and China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (43).A total of 296 PhD graduates went to major universities and research institutes in China for employment (including post-doctoral studies), among which 69.93% stayed in nTU for employment.The information technology and software fields have become big employers in terms of the employment distribution of graduates.Tsinghua university, Peking University, Nanjing University, Shanghai Jiao Tong University and Xi ‘an Jiaotong University have released their reports on the employment quality of graduates in 2021. Information transmission, software and information technology services are the top industries for graduates to find jobs.After information technology, education became the second most popular industry for graduates. The top two industries for graduates of North Qingqing And Xi ‘an Jiaotong University were education, and the top three industries for graduates of NTU and Shanghai Jiao Tong University were education.Finance, scientific research and technical services, public administration, social security and social organizations, and manufacturing are also among the top five industries for graduates in 2021.Tsinghua is characterized by science and technology, with a high rate of advanced study among undergraduates. The graduates are mainly employed in the fields of equipment manufacturing, construction, information communication and Internet.Peking University highlights the characteristics of humanities and social sciences, with a high employment rate of undergraduates and a large number of graduates entering finance, education, public administration, social security and social organizations.Education and culture, software and information technology service industry, and business service industry account for 63.54% of the total number of graduates employed in XJTU.Software and information technology service industries account for the largest proportion of graduates, followed by manufacturing, scientific research and technology services, with 52.30% of the total employed in the first three industries.The industry direction of doctoral graduates has obvious characteristics, and the distribution is relatively concentrated. The number of employed in education and culture industry reaches 47.46%, followed by scientific research and technology service industry, medical and health industry, and the first three industries account for 77.82%.Among the contracted employment units of SJTU graduates, the industries with the largest number of employment include information transmission, software and information technology services (1,396), manufacturing (736), education (617), finance (497), and scientific research and technical services (483).According to the statistics of different educational background, the number of undergraduates and master’s students who choose to work in information transmission, software and information technology service industry is the most, which are 240 and 1,075 respectively.The largest number of PhD students chose to work in education (472).Information transmission, software and information technology services, manufacturing, finance and education are the fields with the greatest demand for graduates.According to the China Statistical Almanac 2021 released by the National Bureau of Statistics, the top three non-private sector sectors are information transmission, software and information technology services, scientific research and technology services and finance.The average salary of employees in the top eight industries is more than 100,000 yuan.In terms of the average annual salary of employees employed in the private sector, the top three are “information transmission, software and information technology services”, “finance” and “scientific research and technology services”.Only the top-ranked “information transmission, software and information technology services” has an average salary of more than 100,000 yuan.The average annual salary of those employed in private sector is generally lower than that of those employed in non-private sector.Information transmission, software and information technology services ranked first in terms of average salaries in both private and non-private sectors.This explains that information transmission, software and information technology service industries account for the most among college graduates.Why are information transmission, software and information technology services leading the pack?All this stems from the changes in the Internet market and economy in recent years.With the continuous advancement of enterprise cloud and digitization, the reshaping of market pattern and the explosive growth of enterprise demand, software has become one of the most active and best-performing technology sub-sectors in the market in recent years.Information transmission, software and information technology service industry is a typical industry with high added value, which is technology-intensive, knowledge-intensive, talent-intensive and capital-intensive.The GDP of information transmission, software and information technology services grew by 11.5% year-on-year in the fourth quarter of last year and 17.2% in the whole year, ranking the fastest among tertiary industries, according to the preliminary calculation results of China’s FOURTH-quarter and full-year GDP in 2021 released by the National Bureau of Statistics.With rapid growth in corporate demand, broad employment prospects and attractive salary packages, more and more outstanding graduates are choosing to join the information transmission, software and information technology service industries.About 30 percent of C9 graduates entering the system return to the topic of “system”, which is widely concerned by the public. In fact, 70 percent of Tsinghua graduates entering the system are misread.According to Tsinghua statistics, public institutions include institutions of higher learning, research institutes and other public institutions, and 30.3% of the class of 2021 graduates chose public institutions. Among them, a total of 625 Tsinghua doctoral students, or 39.8%, entered institutions of higher learning, which greatly increased the proportion of graduates entering public institutions.To put it another way, in 2021, Tsinghua University only counted 3,669 graduates who signed a triparty employment contract.According to the report, tsinghua has 7,441 bachelor’s degree, master’s degree and doctoral degree graduates.There are 2637 students who have further study, 4684 students who are directly employed and 120 students who are unemployed.Among the 4,684 students who work directly, 3,669 students have signed tripartite agreements and 1,015 students have flexible employment.If the number of students who have flexible employment and continue their studies is included, only 34.66 percent of the total number of graduates who have entered the system.It should also be noted that 15.8 percent of the graduates who signed contracts with Tsinghua in 2021 will work for party and government organs.Unlike most people who enter Party and government offices through national or provincial examinations, selection is the mainstream method for graduates from top universities.Doctoral students enter institutions of higher learning in large numbers, and most of the selected students enter the party and government organs. However, these two major items are counted in the “system”, but only 30% of all graduates actually enter the “system”.There are limitations in the number of graduates in the “system” of a University in Tsinghua, so is it the same for C9 graduates in other universities?Only 26.17 percent of Graduates from Shanghai Jiao Tong University chose Party and government organs or public institutions, according to several universities that have released reports on the employment quality of graduates in 2021.Enterprises are the main employment units for graduates, accounting for 73.58%, among which private enterprises account for 37.05%, state-owned enterprises account for 23.61%, and foreign-funded enterprises account for 12.92%.In terms of the nature of employment units for graduates of Xi ‘an Jiaotong University in 2021, enterprises are still the main employment units for college graduates, accounting for 68.73%.In addition to enterprises, the basic average employment rate of xJTU graduates in educational units, scientific research sector-level units, government organs and public institutions is above 8%, and the employment rate of graduates in medical and health units is 5.63%.”In the system” accounted for 31.27%.According to Nanjing University, the nature of the work units for graduates in 2021 is concentrated in enterprises (56.65%), among which private enterprises account for 22.78%.It was followed by state-owned enterprises (19.13%) and foreign-funded enterprises (14.74%).In addition, 33.96 percent of graduates entered Party and government organs (10.49 percent) and public institutions (including higher education institutions, middle and primary education institutions, research and design institutions, medical and health institutions and other public institutions) (23.47 percent).According to a report on the employment quality of Graduates from Fudan University and Zhejiang University in 2020, fudan University has more graduates with bachelor’s degrees and master’s degrees than Zhejiang University, accounting for 30 percent of the total.In the post-epidemic era, faced with multiple risks such as crises in multiple industries, and under the pressure of over 10 million graduates flooding into the job market in 2022, the employment situation of college graduates is grim. Stable employment environment in public institutions and state-owned enterprises has indeed become the career choice of more and more graduates.However, it should also be noted that enterprises are still the main body of college graduates’ employment, especially information transmission, software and information technology services, with the rapid development of the Internet industry and digital economy, high salaries are sought after.No matter whether you choose to pursue further education or direct employment, choose public institutions or enterprises, life is not a road in vain, do your own choice, every step counts!Reference: universities in 2021 graduates employment quality report 2020 average salary out!The best money in the business…Thepaper.cn 985 graduates love to “system”?There’s nothing wrong with that.More “in the system”?21st Century Business Herald This article is copyrighted by China Education Online. Please note that it is reproduced from China Education Online