A mysterious red brick house has been found in a small area of Shenyang. It is a customs building built 100 years ago, and people still live in it

2022-05-05 0 By

I have been fond of listening to historical stories and reading history books since childhood, and I have a strong interest in historical buildings.In the past two years, I have been working on “we media”, and I often dig stories about old buildings in the city, because these old buildings are the soul of the city and the witness of history.Once by chance, I walked into a residential community near Erwei Road, Youth Street, Shenhe District, Shenyang. I found a mysterious red brick building downstairs at no.31 of the community.The two-story red brick building has a green pitched roof and an attic.The front center of the building has a ladder – shaped concave arch gate, the sense of age.There is an open-air balcony on the left floor of the arch gate building in the front of the building, which looks very elegant.As a whole, the building has a quaint, English architectural style, which makes it quaint and mysterious.So why can there be such a “alternative” building in the residential area?What is its origin?The building was built in the Qing Dynasty and used to be a customs building in Fengtian during the Qing Dynasty, according to an elderly man exercising in the courtyard.Following the old man’s guidance, I came to the back of the building, and on the red brick wall, I saw a black historical building nameplate. On the nameplate, the words “Shenyang Cultural Relic Protection Unit, former site of Fengtian Customs Building” were impressively engraved.So what is the history of this building?The time should be traced back to the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. At that time, the Qing Dynasty was rapidly declining and falling to extinction. Many powerful countries focused on the resources in northeast China.After Japan’s victory in the Russo-Japanese War in 1904, it forced the disgraced and incompetent Qing government to open the northeast to commercial ports.Did Japan open commercial ports in northeast China to help qing Dynasty develop its economy?Of course not!Its real purpose is to attract businessmen from all over the world to do business here and make money from The Chinese people by opening the commercial port.In 1906, the then general shengjing zbau the Mukden mansion, Anton county, there are big donggou opened as a commercial port, at the same time in the western suburbs of Mukden town set aside 10000 acres of land as a foreigner doing business commercial port, but also established the bureau of shenyang commercial port, and Mukden commercial port police agencies, so commercial port opened, just like that.Shengjing general zbau said to open commercial port, and comes to a problem, that is a tariff, which is a lot of financial income, but if you want to impose tariffs, there must be customs, so the qing government’s tax one of Mr Hurd (British, full name Robert hurd) claim at the time of the northeast was set up four tax area (i.e., Harbin, jilin, Mukden, Anton four tax area).Thus, in 1907, fengtian customs was established.At that time, the first Mukden Tax commissioner was an Englishman, whose name was Olliffe. Perhaps reading this, you will have a question in your mind: Why are all the people in charge of customs in the Qing Dynasty foreigners?After the Opium War in 1840, the Qing dynasty signed unequal treaties with many countries, many of which involved loans or reparations.However, customs revenue is a large amount of money, a big piece of fat in the eyes of foreign powers ah!As a result, the foreign powers focused on it, so the general department of taxation of the Qing Dynasty and the local tax officials were usually held by foreigners, in order to control the customs revenue of the Qing dynasty, which was used as a guarantee for loans and reparations in unequal treaties.In 1909, Olife advocated the construction of a two-story house and a few small bungalows on this site as the Fengtian Customs house and the official residence of the commissioner of taxation.In 1910, a two-story red brick office building with pitched roof was officially completed. It is the old building I have introduced to you today — fengtian Customs Building.At that time, the Fengtian Taxation Department was not only responsible for all tax-related matters, but also responsible for collecting political and economic information in Fengtian and reporting it to the general Taxation Department.In 1931, the Mukden customs fell into the hands of the Japanese after the Mukden Incident, which shocked the world.At that time, the Japanese in order to meet them for the needs of the rich resources and economic plunder in northeast China, the Mukden change in order to customs clearance, the Mukden at that time the amount of import and export goods has increased dramatically, only 1937-1941, Mukden levy a tax on import and export goods of reached 140.12 million yuan (puppet army manchuria coin), which is before the founding of new China,The heyday of Shenyang import and export trade.With the outbreak of the Pacific War in 1941, the power of Japanese imperialism waned and Mukden’s operations largely ceased.In 1945, after the victory of the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression, the General Department of Customs and Taxation of the Nationalist Government in Nanjing sent personnel to take over the place. In December 1946, the General Department of Customs and Taxation of the Nationalist Government approved the establishment of Shenyang Pass, which was closed until October 1948.November 2, 1948, Shenyang liberation, this building was shenyang special city military administration will take over, changed to a civilian residence, use up to now.Today, the building has been listed as a shenyang cultural relic protection unit, with the Chinese characters fu and couplets pasted on the door, gas pipelines laid around it, and people still live inside.The Fengtian Customs Building, hidden in the residential area, is a witness of a humiliating history, which reminds us at all times: do not forget history, forge ahead!Thank you for taking time out of your busy schedule to read this article. This article is wan Xiaoqi’s original work in Toutiao. Publishing this article without the consent of this article is an infringement, and once found, relevant legal responsibilities will be investigated.