In 1962, Britain planned to use 48 nuclear bombs on China. Why did it finally cancel the plan?
At the end of The Second World War, the United States successfully developed nuclear weapons, and used two atomic bombs to force Japan to accept the Potsdam Proclamation, the emergence of nuclear weapons has completely changed the entire international situation.Later, however, another superpower, the Soviet Union, acquired nuclear weapons of its own, creating a strategic nuclear balance between the United States and the Soviet Union.The existence of nuclear weapons on both sides was also an important factor in the cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union without a formal war, otherwise the third World War would have been already started.China, as a global power, also pushed its nuclear weapons development program after World War II.Few people know that Britain, a “empire on which the sun never sets” turned into a “second-rate power,” succeeded in developing atomic bombs one step later than the Soviet Union, and even made a strategic plan to use 48 nuclear bombs on us in 1962.In the two World Wars, Britain had already suffered extremely heavy losses. After the war, Britain was simultaneously attacked by the United States and the Soviet Union to reduce Dimension, because the United States and the Soviet Union had been trying to dismantle the global colonial empire that Britain had established in order to seek hegemony.Therefore, the end of World War II did not mean that Britain would return to its glory. Instead, Britain entered a long period of decline of nearly 50 years, which gradually led to the loss of effective control over most of the colonies.However, a camel is bigger than a horse. As an old industrial power, Britain’s scientific background is extremely strong. Therefore, in 1952, Britain worked hard and successfully exploded the first atomic bomb, becoming the third country with nuclear weapons in the world.At this point, however, its global colonial system had begun to crumble.Faced with difficulties, England could not afford to sit idly by. It tried many ways to stabilize its overseas colonies.Like trying to get some face back from the US and the Soviet Union with their nuclear weapons.The Soviet Union and the United States had been dismembering the British colonies, but they still had to give Britain more or less face.Although it is not a large colonies, but a few small islands of the British overseas colonies, or to leave, so in India, Canada, Australia, most of these original colony after the independence from control, some small but important economic and strategic significance to port colonies became Britain’s top priority.Singapore, Hong Kong, places like that.Singapore and Hong Kong can be said to be two financial and trade centers in East Asia, as well as important commercial ports.But in 1959, with the support of the United States and the Soviet Union, Singapore became a sovereign state, free of British control, and Britain lost control of the Strait of Malacca.Ii. Why was the final cancellation?Therefore, Britain at this time attached more importance to the control of Hong Kong.But at that time, new China had been established, and we were seeking to recover the sovereignty of Hong Kong, so there was a big difference between Britain and China on the issue of Hong Kong.Not to mention that China had not yet successfully developed nuclear weapons, so Britain began to deploy a large number of bombers and nuclear weapons in its bases in East Asia.In 1962, the British air strategic nuclear strike system in East Asia was basically completed, and the British military also made a strategic plan to carry out surgical nuclear strike against China with 48 nuclear bombs.However, this plan eventually went bankrupt, which was directly related to the changes in the international situation at that time and the rapid development of China.First of all, although the relationship between China and the Soviet Union at that time had gradually cooled, we were still a friendly country with a formal alliance treaty with the Soviet Union, and the sino-Soviet treaty of friendship, alliance and mutual assistance had not expired.If Britain launched a nuclear attack on China, the Soviet Union would still help China according to the treaty of Alliance, so Britain had to take the threat from the Soviet Union more or less into account.Not to mention after the end of World War II, the international community entered a long period of peaceful development.Although the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union has been going on, and the two superpowers have been trying to expand their global interests through proxy wars, large-scale wars have been basically prohibited. If Britain launches a nuclear war directly against China, it is bound to affect its international image.Moreover, The speed of China’s development was also beyond Britain’s imagination. Shortly after the strategic nuclear strike force was deployed around Britain and China, China successfully acquired nuclear weapons (China’s first atomic bomb exploded in 1964).This was obviously a bit unexpected for the British, who were under the impression that China was still a poor country with no industrial base and that it was completely impossible to develop such a top weapon as nuclear weapons.On June 17, 1967, China successfully detonated its first hydrogen bomb, which represented that China had reached the world-class level in basic nuclear weapons.- Although our strategic delivery capability is slightly inferior, nuclear detonation of key British islands and affiliated bases in East Asia is still fully achievable.Therefore, if Britain really started a war against China, it would probably lead to a nuclear war between the great powers.If that happens, the oneself also is a bad one, after all, it was also in decline, it also need to consider racking their brains to steady their global reach, keep yourself how under the eroding of the United States and the Soviet union, protect their international status, so continue to and China’s nuclear standoff was clearly not to Britain at the time of strategic needs.Later, with the continuous development of science and technology and economy, our comprehensive national strength became stronger and stronger, especially after the reform and opening up, China ushered in a golden age of development, while the UK has been on a gradual decline.While in the late 20th century, the British also occasionally there are some bright spots, such as won the victory in the falklands war against Argentina, three points for the international community to see the British heritage, but this does not mean that the pace of development of both Chinese and English is to compare, after all, is a gradual decline of power, and the other is a quick revival of the ancient civilizations.We are now the second largest economy in the world, China has a much stronger nuclear force than The UK, Hong Kong has now been recovered and the UK has no guts to launch a nuclear deterrent against China.In fact, said so much, ultimately can be boiled down to a sentence: blacksmith also need their own hard, our own strong, others will not dare to bully us.