It’s the end of the year. Where did the year-end bonus end up?
Wen/Zi: “I was supposed to get 200,000 yuan so that I could buy a house after the Spring Festival, but my boss said that the company’s performance did not meet expectations due to the epidemic. He asked all employees to share the hardships and gave me 60,000 yuan. He also said that if the company’s performance was not good in the first half of 2022, I would have to deduct it from the salary of that month.”Xiao Li, who has been in Hangzhou for more than 4 years, has been reading my article for some time.Buy a house to learn the knowledge of a basket, but a cavity solitary yong sword, but life card in the “year-end bonus”, but self-mockery is “no mi Qiao fu”.Every New Year, the young people around will talk about the year-end bonus, maybe this year because of the epidemic and industry changes, the crowd less surprise and more complaints.In particular, in the real estate industry, in the second half of last year, three red lines + major regulation, real estate sales were cold, financing dried up, capital chain tension, more than 80% of real estate companies did not achieve the annual performance targets, one after another thunder.A real estate friend said to me, “LAST year I got a bonus of more than 300,000 yuan, but this year I lost a penny. Now I’m lucky to keep my job.”It was so beautiful then, it’s so sad today.The environment is bad, but some industries are booming.Some time ago, a shipping company directly paid all its employees 40 months ‘salary, which was enviable to others. This was because last year, when factories around the world shut down due to the epidemic, only Goods from China operated normally, and the profits of shipping companies soared.There are also some Internet giants, still in full bloom, such as Tencent’s League of Legends project team, the New Year each person 1.2 million;A NetEase game project, 880,000 yuan year-end bonus per person;In the second phase of Xiaomi Smart Factory, 8 monthly salary will be paid as year-end bonus.Someone left a silent message on the Internet: Now I find that those who study well get higher year-end bonuses than those at the bottom.Year-end bonus is the last harvest of a year for white-collar workers, but we can also understand the rise and fall of industries and careers, and the competitiveness between cities and markets through the money. It is extremely important for our own planning and the suggestions of people around us in the future.In zhaopin’s newly released annual Bonus survey report for White-collar workers 2021, we see a lot of things.First, it is more common for state-owned enterprises to give year-end bonuses than private ones.According to the data, 54.9 percent of state-owned enterprises and 47.9 percent of government agencies paid year-end bonuses, while only 29.5 percent of private enterprises paid year-end bonuses.State-owned enterprises and public institutions are iron rice bowls, especially when the environment is not good, security performance is more prominent.This also explains why the voice of “entering the system” in the past two years is so strong.Statistics show that a record 2.02 million people applied for the exam in 2022, and more than 11 million people applied for the teaching certificate.More interesting data is that in 2022, the number of college graduates in China will exceed 10 million for the first time, reaching a staggering 10.2 million.Young people are trying desperately to get into the system. When everyone is chasing the “iron rice bowl”, the economic development of this era is bound to be slow, which is not a good phenomenon.Which industries give out the highest percentage of year-end bonuses?The report shows that the strongest sectors are energy and finance, which are traditional sectors with better year-end bonus payouts than other sectors, followed by automobiles, logistics and agriculture, forestry, fishery and animal husbandry.For more than a decade, the country’s strongest industry has been “Internet, real estate, finance,” and the three brothers have made millions, made millions, and earned the highest year-end bonuses for their employees.But in 2021, everything changed.Under the highest strategy of anti-monopoly, common prosperity, housing not speculation and so on, the trillion education industry collapsed overnight, the Internet market inside the volume, the bubble burst, the real estate is hit, overnight winter.Real estate used to be the most popular industry for giving year-end bonuses, but now, it has dropped out of the top 10 nationwide, accounting for only 29.5%. In 2021, many bad things happened, such as employees holding banners and protecting the rights of enterprises, refusing to pay wages in arrears, and some even couldn’t get back the money they put in the company.The probability of this industry rebound in the future is very small, in the decline at the same time, will gradually lead, young people had better not enter.The Internet is because the development of these years is too oversaturated, the volume is serious, talent oversupply, 2021, the collapse of the Internet company is very many, the giants are also laying off staff, only games such as a few windfall companies, continue to hot.Finance has done very well this year. The reason why it has stayed so long is because it is at the bottom of all industries. Finance is indispensable in both developed and developing countries, but in China it is so fragmented that only upstream companies can make money.The most profitable industries of the future will be the new economy.White-collar workers think big data/cloud computing is the emerging industry with the highest year-end bonus, followed by new energy, artificial intelligence and livestreaming e-commerce.Big data is the most important part of the country’s new infrastructure. Every city needs to plan big data centers to become smart cities. In this era, this industry will continue to impact upward.New energy has thoroughly entered the boom period. In 2021, the proportion of year-end bonus payment enterprises is as high as 45.7%. In the next 20 years, it will continue to move forward, and it will be the bonus industry of future talents.Behind is not only the car companies, but also the upstream and downstream of the car companies, charging piles, batteries, marketing, exhibition halls, advertising companies and so on.For young people, the lowest threshold may be livestreaming e-commerce. Supply chain, operation or host delivery are all good choices.At the job level, year-end bonus data also paint a different picture.The industries with the most year-end bonus are marketing, public relations and advertising. These three positions tend to be in the forefront of marketing and can directly bring revenue to the company.The second is RESEARCH and development and legal affairs. Research and development is the foundation of the enterprise, the creator of the product.Legal affairs are necessary for large companies, the threshold is higher, the same salary income irreplaceable, are eating technical rice.Technical and product jobs declined significantly, which is related to the industry situation.Especially for Internet enterprises, the market is solidified and the probability of success in App development is extremely small. However, there are many products and technical talents and fierce competition, which leads to the decrease of talent scarcity.Some functional positions receive the least annual bonus.HR is at the bottom, followed by customer service and administration. Compared with the whole company, these positions are highly substitutable and the work intensity is relatively weak. If young people want to make money, they are not recommended to go there.5 The Hardships of young People So after the year-end bonus, what is the main use of white-collar workers?The report also gave an answer, with nearly half choosing to save, while nearly 30 percent of white-collar workers choosing to repay loans.This reflects the pressure on young people, such as The aforementioned Xiao Li, who has been expecting to buy a house with year-end bonuses.Travel accounted for the lowest proportion of year-end bonuses at 3.2 percent.Perhaps related to the epidemic, the business of scenic spots is not good in the past two years, and the industry is also declining, along with the continuous decline of the real estate value of tourist cities, such as Weihai in Shandong province, Beihai in Guangxi Province, Xishuangbanna in Yunnan province, and so on.Finally, cities.The cities where white-collar workers received the most year-end bonuses were Beijing, Shenzhen, Shanghai and Hangzhou, while jinan, Changchun, Nanchang and Chongqing were the lowest.You will find that there is a great separation between the year-end bonus ranking and the comprehensive strength ranking of the national cities, such as Chengdu, Wuhan, Suzhou and other strong second-tier cities, ranking behind.There are two reasons for this: the population is large, the average year-end bonus is averaged, or the average salary in the city is low.Guangzhou, Chengdu, Wuhan, Jinan, Ningbo, these cities are very differentiated, the top of the pyramid is very rich, but when averaged out, the data is very ugly.For example, in Chengdu and Wuhan, the employment salary of ordinary young people is really not high. The basic salary is about 5-6K, which is the reason why people often joke that “the salary is not high and the housing price is high”.However, both employment and urban development will depend on the next five years. With the support of various resources, these cities will definitely stand in the first tier of per capita wage growth.Year-end bonus data is very important for the choice of industry or position. If you have young people around you who are confused about their future and don’t know what to do, you can send this article to them to have a better choice.Give a rose, leave a lingering fragrance.